A statement of Hochschulrektorenkonferenz (HRK), the conference of Higher Education Institutions, from 2019 on the support for and development of applied research in Germany.

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HRK Further Development of Applied Science


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  • Productivity analysis of research in Natural Sciences, Technology and Clinical Medicine: an input-output model applied in comparison of Top 300 ranked universities of 4 North European and 4 East Asian countries. Kivinen, Osmo; Hedman, Juha; Kaipainen, Päivi (2013). 94(2) 683–699.